عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
"Strategic energy ellipse" of geopolitical region includes Iran, the Persian Gulf, Sheikhs Emirates in the south, parts of Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia in the West, the Caspian Sea, south of Russia and some southern parts of Kazakhstan in the north and parts of Uzbekistan in the north east. More than seventy percent of proven oil reserves and more than forty percent of world natural gas reserves are in this region. The large diameter of oval area is along with the same axis which links Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf and it is in Iran. The Caspian-Persian Gulf axis with an emphasis on global change process is based on geopolitical changes in the international system in the framework of a New Cold War. Relationships between the two centers of geopolitical and world energy (Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea area) are strategically important and the global powers' military and political competition to dominate this axis is basis for the new international changes. In this paper, New Great Game is a term that explains the competition between the regional and global powers in order to dominate on strategic energy ellipse. The aim of this paper is to consider the New Great Game position in the strategic energy ellipse, to analyze actors' military and political competitions and recognize the geographical area in which the game exists. This study used descriptive-analytical methods and the inferential methodology has been used to reach the goals. Data have been collected using library and internet sources as well as news sources on the basis of objective-historical data.