عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this paper is to describe the concept of neoliberalism, globalization. Also, the effects of these concepts on space and geographical identity and also by focusing on globalization effects on geography science have been addressed. Finally by criticizing the present way that expands neoliberalism ideology is sought to be able to maintain human being dignity in of economic, social and cultural developments of countries and prevails social, spatial and geographical justice as a dominant ideology in the world.
The research methodology is descriptive-analytic. By studying the field of neoliberalism and globalization area, we can come to this conclusion that neoliberalism and globalization has deep and significant effects on geography that can be pointed out such as: increasing spatial analysis in geography, especially analyzing spatial inequality, regionalism in combination to reinforcing ethnical identity seeking, destroying penetration and power of social institutes, decreasing west political tradition in studying geography, return of religious radicalism and etc. The influence of geography on the evolution and transformation of the digital information age, the studies in this field has been done by geographers, shows that geography is not only adapted to the evolution, that even to see clearly and simply realistic view of some scholars, the phenomenon of globalization, the new stand and attitudes towards scientific field, also provides insight as to other sciences and an invitation to look again at the issues that face. Geographers with researches their thoughts and reflections on issues of the age, geography could turn back the edge of the scene and it made a respectable and reasonable range. So geography maximizes increasingly its own importance due to augmentation of researches in the field of spatial analysis.